Metamorphosis Victorianus: Modern Collage, Victorian Engravings & Nostalgia
Metamorphosis Victorianus: Modern Collage, Victorian Engravings & Nostalgia at Ubu Gallery in New York, NY. "...Max Ernst (1891-1976), with such work as his shocking and seminal illustrated collage-novel, La Femme 100 têtes (1929), influenced an entire wave of artists who looked towards the Surrealist and his use of 19th Century engravings as a point of departure within their own work in this medium. The first generation of artists were Ernst's contemporaries, who worked primarily in the 1930s with significant connection to the Surrealists: Joseph Cornell (1903-1972), Jindřich Štyrský (1899-1942), Otto Hofmann (1907-1994), Franz Roh (1890-1965), Max Bucaille (1906-1992), and Gerome Kamrowski (1914-2004). Those a generation later, including Ray Johnson (1927-1995), Bruce Conner (1933-2008), and Jess (1923-2004), each separately rediscovered Ernst, specifically choosing to use this type of collage as a jumping off point towards other conceptual ends."